Noot LT: de grafiek verwijst naar TIV wat de vergelijking met andere parameters, uitgedrukt in dollar bijvoorbeeld, bemoeilijkt.
Voor meer gedetailleerde informatie kunt u terecht bij het SIPRI. Hieronder vindt u de Summary van het Yearbook 2017.
Commentaar LT: Robots >>> genderneutraliteit gegarandeerd !
Afghan opium production has jumped to record levels this year. According to the latest "Afghanistan Opium Survey" released jointly by the Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), overall production rose by 87 percent compared to last year, to 9,000 metric tons. This is partly due to a 63 percent increase in poppy cultivated cropland, to 328,000 hectares in 2017. Also, the yield has increased by 15 percent to around 27 kilos of opium per hectare.
Afghanistan is the world's top cultivator of poppy from which opium and heroin are produced. The cultivation and sale is a source of revenue for the Taliban insurgency and other terrorist groups, as they levy taxes from farmers cultivating the crop. At the beginning of this week, the U.S. Air Force bombed production facilities in the south Afghan province of Helmand, which is the most prolific production area within Afghanistan.
The steep rise in production also means that more cheap but high quality heroin will be available on illicit markets across the world.
on the consumption side: overdoses rise in the USA
Pro memorie: Op 11 november 2017 bracht de VRT in het journaal een propaganda-reportage: de boeren in Afghanistan waren begonnen met het planten en oogsten van saffraan ... op 3.000 hectaren. Hoe goedgelovig kan je zijn? Met geen woord werd gerept over de enorme productiestijging in de opium-business.
According to the most recent data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, fatal heroin overdoses in the U.S. grew from 2,089 in 2002 to 13,219 in 2016. That represents a shocking 533 percent increase. During the same period of time, the number of American heroin users climbed from 404,000 to 948,000.
The data shows just how severe the U.S. opioid crisis has become. In 2008, drug-induced deaths claimed more lives than car crashes for the first time and the gap has continued to widen since then. They have also reached another grim and poignant landmark. Drug overdose deaths are expected to surpass 71,000 this year, a significantly higher death toll than the Vietnam War which claimed just over 58,000 lives.
The situation is similar in Sweden where 43.8 percent of ultra high net worth individuals inherited their fortune. In the United Kingdom and the United States however, the story is quite different with the vast majority of wealthy individuals starting off from scratch without familial assistance. In Russia where oil has produced countless billionaires since the collapse of communism, inheriting vast sums of money is far rarer: a mere 1.3 percent of super-rich individuals in Russia netted their wealth through inheritance.
A recent poll spanning 16 nations across the Middle East and North Africa has found that most young Arabs are against the so-called Islamic State and believe it will ultimately fail to establish a caliphate. The 2016 Arab Youth Survey revealed that 77 percent of Arabs aged 18 to 24 are concerned about the terror group’s rise with 50 percent considering it the biggest obstacle facing the Middle East. Only 13 percent of young Arabs feel they could support the group, even if it was less violent.
Commentaar LT: De interpretatie van Statista is discutabel. Statista spreekt van "only 13 percent". Wij vinden dit een alarmerend percentage! In absolute cijfers: 26 miljoen jongeren steunen ISIS/DAESH !
The poll also examined the primary reasons people are joining the terror group with a major lack of jobs in the region proving a driving factor. Across the countries polled, employment and few opportunities for young people proved a bigger draw than religious extremism or the presence of Western troops in the region.
ASDA'A Burson-Marsteller behoort tot de WPP-groep van Sir Martin Sorrell
That's excluding China and North Korea where precise numbers are a state secret. However, Amnesty still believes China executes thousands every year, making it the world's top executioner. Despite the spike in executions, Amnesty reported that there is still some hope with four countries expunging the death penalty for good last year.
Commentaar LT: Het aantal executies moet natuurlijk gerelateerd worden aan het aantal inwoners. Dan komen we per miljoen inwoners aan volgend klassement: 1. Iran (10 executies/miljoen inwoners); 2. Saoedi Arabië (5); 3. Pakistan (2); 4. Irak (0.7); 5. China (0.6 maar onderschat).
The British Virgin Islands proved the most popular tax haven in Mossack Fonseca’s files. One out of every two companies incorporated by the law firm was in that jurisdiction, over 113,000 in total. Panama was the second most popular jurisdiction with just over 48,000 companies incorporated there while the Bahamas rounded off the top three with just under 16,000.
The Obama administration has requested Congress allocate $37.9 billion to foreign assistance in the budget for fiscal 2016, the majority of it for governments in the Middle East. The final appropriation could differ significantly. The president requested the largest amount of aid for Israel, some $3.1 billion, primarily in support of peace and security. The budget request also asks for $1.5 billion for Afghanistan in support of security and rebuilding projects, and $1.46 billion for Egypt.
Macedonia has introduced a tight border regime, letting only very few refugees cross the border on a daily basis, and alternative routes haven’t been established yet. More than 120,000 migrants are thought to have arrived in Greece in the first two months of 2016 alone.
The below chart gives an impression of the extent of the refugee crisis as it unfolds in Greece. Comparing the numbers of migrants who arrived in Greece in the first two months of this year to last year’s numbers gives an idea of the magnitude of the problem.
"Do not come to Europe," Council President Tusk said, appealing to the refugees, after a meeting with Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras in Athens. "Do not believe the smugglers. Do not risk your lives and your money. It is all for nothing," he added.
This chart shows the political affiliation of selected US religious groups in 2014.
Two major regions are seeking weaponry: sales in Asia and Oceania have increased from 42 to 46 percent, while the Middle East has seen an uptake from 18 to 25 percent in arms acquired and now is in second place of the regions with the most imports. Many weapons for the Middle East are supplied by the United States, accounting for 41 per cent of US arms exports.
Asia and Oceania received 40 percent of US weapons. Also, 68 percent of Russian arms exports went to that same region. The biggest intra-Asia arms trader is China who sold most its weapons to Pakistan, followed by Bangladesh and Myanmar, all of which border China’s regional rival India.
Whilst the acquisition of weapons is also on the rise in Africa, Europe has experienced a sharp decline in the influx of arms. The Americas too are buying slightly fewer weapons.
Freedom House found that global freedom has declined for the tenth year in a row. 72 countries experienced a decline in freedom while only 43 made gains. In 2016, 40 percent of the world's population is considered free with 24 percent partly free and 36 percent not free.
The Zika virus has been around for over 60 years but it has gone global over the past few weeks with the World Health Organisation warning that it has "explosive pandemic potential". It is a mosquito-borne disease that has symptoms similar to the dengue and chikungunya viruses. Transmission is currently active in several countries across the Americas, Pacific islands and Cape Verde.
Microcefalie is een afwijking van het centrale zenuwstelsel waarbij de schedelomvang te klein is. Het is meestal een aangeboren aandoening. De hersenen ontwikkelen zich niet goed waardoor de schedel ook kleiner blijft. Vaak is er sprake van een verstandelijke beperking.
Er bestaat een primaire en secundaire microcefalie. De primaire microcefalie is vaak autosomaal recessief overerfbaar. Bij een secundaire microcefalie, is er sprake van een secundaire oorzaak.
Microcefalie ontstaat door een chromosoomafwijking, een ontwikkelingsstoornis of een infectie tijdens de zwangerschap. Vaak is het een kenmerk van een syndroom.
bron: lees meer
In the first half of 2015, there were 1,003 requests from courts and government agencies to remove content from Twitter. Out of this, 72 percent came from the Turkish authorities. Twitter removal requests leads to tweets no longer being displayed in individual countries rather than being deleted altogether. In the United States, there only 25 requests in the first six months of the year. The number of content removal requests is soaring. In the second half of 2014, 13 percent of these requests were successful; between January and June, it was higher - 42 percent of requests were granted.