Wauters starts with the consideration that Belgium was formally at war with Italy.
On the other hand,
On January 21st 1941, England and Belgium signed an economic agreement which placed all the resources of the Congo at the disposal of Great Britain.
On land concessions during the reign of Leopold II: "One particular group of capitalists acquired territory four times the size of Belgium." (13)
"The civilising influence of a colonial Power should not be judged by her economic but by her social policy."(30)