Tess of the d'Urbervilles
Thick pocket, cover: Stonehenge, 535 pp., with glossary. ? Note LT: Tess was first translated in Dutch in 1895, but this translation seems to have disappeared from the market. Theme: The novel is pessimistic: the poor always lose, honnesty doesn't pay. In this respect history repeats itself as men does not change fundamentally. Detail: One of the characters (Angel) reads 'Das Kapital' of Marx but he stays shortsighted. In a critic Irving Howe wrote: "She (Tess) is Hardy's greatest tribute to the possibilities of human existence, for Tess is one of the greatest triumphs of civilization: a natural girl." (21) And Alvarez explains on p. 13: 'Both (the landscape and Tess) are corrupted and betrayed by the modern world (...)'. And one might say that the final scene at Stonehenge marks Hardy's wish to reinvent the world from scratch (LT, 20140822). The music score is from Philippe Sarde.